The Gambia is a small Sahelian country, bordered by Senegal and extending to the Western Coast of Africa between 13° and 14° N. It covers a total land area of approximately 10,689 sq. km with a length of about 400 km and a with varying between 24-28 Km. It has a population of about 1.1 million people and a population growth rate of 4.2 % per annum.

  The Gambia is endowed with a high diversity of plant and animal species. The components of biodiversity embrace the wild fauna and flora and associated ecosystems as well as the domestic species, including plant varieties and land races of domestic animals that have been bred and developed for thousands of years by farmers, as well as species that are dependent on the agricultural systems developed  
The Department of Parks as the national focal point of numerous conventions and protocols related to environmental issues and Biodiversity in General, has been responsible for the development and implementation of series of documents such as :
1. The National Biodiversity Strategy and Action plan (NBSAP)
2. National reports (CBD, AEWA, CMS, …)
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